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éire ulster wiki

Ireland (Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ()), also known as the Republic of Ireland (Poblacht na hÉireann), is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern side of the island.Around 40% of the country's population of 4.9 million people resides in the Greater Dublin Area. The Partition was effectively confirmed by the Anglo-Irish Treaty of 6 December 1921. By the late 14th century the Earldom had collapsed and the O'Neill dynasty had come to dominate most of Ulster, claiming the title King of Ulster. To the west of Ireland is the Atlantic Ocean; to the east of Ireland, across the Irish Sea, is the island of Great Britain.Over 6.4 million people lived on the island in 2016. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}54°24′N 7°00′W / 54.4°N 7.0°W / 54.4; -7.0, a. Oral Answers. However, this did not stop many thousands of Ulster people from emigrating to British North America in this period, where they became known as "Scots Irish" or "Scotch-Irish". They do not sing the Irish national anthem but do sing a special song which has been written celebrating the "4 proud provinces" before matches start. [38], The Plantation of Ulster continued well into the 18th century, interrupted only by the Irish Rebellion of 1641. The United Irishmen had particular strength in Belfast, Antrim and Down. [27] Large parts of County Donegal are Gaeltacht areas where Irish is the first language and some people in west Belfast also speak Irish, especially in the "Gaeltacht Quarter". A plan to re-link Sligo and Derry through Donegal has been postponed until at least 2030. 269 allowed "IRL",[13] and by 1962 "IRL" had been adopted. Ulster er en af de fire provinser, som øen Irland er opdelt i. Ulster omfatter den nordlige del, og størstedelen af Ulster er i politisk sammenhæng Nordirland.Ulster består af ni counties.De seks (Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry og Tyrone) ligger i Nordirland, mens resten (Cavan, Donegal og Monaghan) er en del af Republikken Irland. Ulster is one of the four Irish provinces. At the start of the war, Irish Jacobites controlled most of Ireland for James II, with the exception of the Williamite strongholds at Derry and at Enniskillen in Ulster. The county covers an area of 1,691 km² (653 sq; mi), with a population of approximately 61,170, with Enniskillen its county town. In the 1690s, Scottish Presbyterians became a majority in Ulster, due to a large influx of them into the Province. Het gebied is genoemd naar de Ulaid, de túath die het rond het begin van onze jaartelling beheerste. [20], Founded in 1937, the Eire Society of Boston is an influential Irish-American group. Salary levels are the lowest on the island of Ireland. Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland is a European country on the island of Ireland. Es bestand aus neun historischen Grafschaften (engl. LIrlande du NordNote 3 (en anglais : Northern Ireland ; en irlandais : Tuaisceart Éireann ; en scots d'Ulster : Norlin Airlann) est l'une des quatre nations constitutives du Royaume-Uni, occupant le nord-est de l'île d'Irlande qu'elle partage avec l'État d'Irlande indépendant. Protestants, including some Presbyterians, who in some parts of the province had come to identify with the Roman Catholic community, used violence to intimidate Roman Catholics who tried to enter the linen trade. The province's main airport is Belfast International Airport (popularly called Aldergrove Airport), which is located at Aldergrove, 11.5 miles northwest of Belfast near Antrim. The origin of Ériu has been traced to the Proto-Celtic reconstruction *Φīwerjon-(nominative singular Φīwerjū < Pre-Proto-Celtic -jō). [22][23] Most Irish nationalists object to the use of Ulster in this context. County Donegal is largely a Roman Catholic county, but with a large Protestant minority. [12] The name is also used by various organisations such as cultural and sporting bodies. The country is sometimes called the Republic of Ireland in order to distinguish between the territory of the Irish state and island proper, but Ireland is its official name. The geographical centre of Ulster lies between the villages of Pomeroy and Carrickmore in County Tyrone. Ulster Scots dialects, sometimes known by the neologism Ullans, are also spoken in Counties Down, Antrim, Londonderry and Donegal.[29]. English is the main language and Ulster English the main dialect. ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1, 19 February 2010, which gives "Ulster" as the official English name and "Ulaidh" as the official Irish name of the province, citing "Ordnance Survey Office, Dublin 1993" as its source –, "Community Background", 2011 Census, for NI, and "Religion", 2011 Census, for RoI, Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. The City of Derry Airport is located at Eglinton, 13 kilometres (8 mi) east of the city of Derry. Éire (Irish: [ˈeːɾʲə] (listen)) is Irish for "Ireland", the name of an island and a sovereign state. It is made up of nine counties: six of these constitute Northern Ireland (a part of the United Kingdom); the remaining three are in the Republic of Ireland. [32][33][34] These counties, though not officially designated as subject to Plantation, had suffered violent depopulation during the previous wars and proved attractive to Private Colonialists from nearby Britain. The Socialist Republic of Eire and Ulster (Irish: Poblacht Shóisialach na hÉireann agus Uladh) also known as SR Eire and Ulster, or simply SR Ireland. Downshire Bridge Crossing the bay to Murlough, Cattle near Six Road Ends Seen from the Kirkistown to Ballyeaseborough Road. About half of Ulster's population lives in counties Antrim and Down. In football, the main competitions in which they compete with the other Irish counties are the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship and National Football League, while the Ulster club champions represent the province in the All-Ireland Senior Club Football Championship. Electorally, voting in the six Northern Ireland counties of Ulster tends to follow religious or sectarian lines; noticeable religious demarcation does not exist in the South Ulster counties of Cavan and Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland. Estimates suggest that about 600 civilians died in this communal violence, the majority of them (58%) Roman Catholics. Political tensions resurfaced, albeit in a new form, towards the end of the 18th century. Since 1974, the traditional counties have a ceremonial role only. During his exploration of northwest Europe (circa 320 BC), Pytheas of Massilia called the island Ierne (written Ἰέρνη). The Belfast-Derry railway line connecting Londonderry railway station, via Coleraine, Ballymoney, Ballymena and Antrim, with Lanyon Place and Belfast Great Victoria Street is a noted scenic route. The IRA remained relatively quiescent in Ulster, with the exception of the south Armagh area, where Frank Aiken led it. of the ten it has elected to Dáil Éireann, the Lower House of the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland. There is also Donegal Airport (Irish: Aerfort Dhún na nGall), popularly known as Carrickfinn Airport, which is located in The Rosses. Saor Éire (IPA: [s̪ˠɯɾˠ eːɾʲə] / [s̪ˠiːɾˠ eːɾʲə], meaning Free Ireland) was a far-left political organisation established in September 1931 by communist -leaning members of the Irish Republican Army, with the backing of the IRA leadership. [10] The Ireland Act 1949 changed this to "Republic of Ireland". and Finn Harps play against each other, the game is usually referred to as a 'North-West Derby'. "The Plantation of Ulster (Irish: Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-Scots: Plantin o Ulstèr)[1] was the organised colonisation (plantation) of Ulster – a province of Ireland – by … Irish in Éirinn, Scottish an Èirinn/ann an Èirinn "in Ireland"). The war was partly due to a dispute over who was the rightful claimant to the British Throne, and thus the supreme monarch of the nascent British Empire. Unlike the other provinces, Ulster has a high percentage of Protestants, making up almost half of its population. (2004) Protestants and the Irish Language: Historical Heritage and Current Attitudes in Northern Ireland", http://jwsr.pitt.edu/ojs/index.php/jwsr/article/view/636/741, Wars and Conflicts – Plantation of Ulster – English and Scottish Planters – 1641 Rebellion, https://www.scribd.com/doc/32717516/1919-Cork-Its-Trade-and-Commerce%7C, "The Future's Bright For Donegal's Orangemen", "Ireland hockey: Seven Ulster players in squad for Olympic qualifier against Canada", Census 2011 – Ulster Irish language stats, "Inconvenient Peripheries: Ethnic Identity and the United Kingdom Estate", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ulster&oldid=990993160, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles needing additional references from October 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles needing additional references from March 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:10. The longest river in the British Isles, the Shannon, rises at the Shannon Pot in County Cavan with underground tributaries from County Fermanagh. Six Ulster counties became Northern Ireland, a self-governing territory within the United Kingdom, while the rest of Ireland became the Irish Free State, now the Republic of Ireland. p. 113, Byrne, Francis John, Irish kings and high-kings, Batsford, 1987. Ulaidh has historically been anglicised as Ulagh or Ullagh[17] and Latinised as Ulidia or Ultonia. Sectarian divisions in Ulster became hardened into the political categories of unionist (supporters of the Union with Britain; mostly, but not exclusively, Protestant) and nationalist (advocates of repeal of the 1800 Act of Union, usually, though not exclusively, Roman Catholic). There have been cup competitions between I.F.A. Historically, Ulster lay at the heart of the Gaelic world made up of Gaelic Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man. Estimates suggest that up to 7000 Roman Catholics suffered expulsion from Ulster during this violence. Belfast is also connected with Carrickfergus and Larne Harbour, Portadown, Newry and onwards, via the Enterprise service jointly operated by NIR and Iarnród Éireann, to Dublin Connolly. [4] The Constitution's English-language preamble also describes the population as "We, the people of Éire". Golf is, however, by far the most high-profile sport and the sport that Ulster has succeeded at more than any other. The Meic Lochlainn were in 1241 overthrown by their kin, the clan Ó Néill (see O'Neill dynasty). [26], Most people in Ulster speak English. In Rugby union, the professional rugby team representing the province and the IRFU Ulster Branch, Ulster Rugby, compete in the Pro14 along with teams from Wales, Scotland, Italy, South Africa and the other Irish Provinces (Leinster, Munster and Connacht). In 1961 statutory instrument no. From the later 1940s, in conjunction with other reforms, printing switched to the same "Roman type" used for most other Latin alphabet languages. The county is divided into two constituencies: Donegal North-East and Donegal South-West, each with three T.D.'s. This was altered by the Ireland Act 1949, where the English-law name of the state was changed to "Republic of Ireland". Domnall Ua Lochlainn (died 1121) and Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn (died 1166) were of this dynasty. [citation needed]. Based on these historical accounts, the Roman Empire called the island Hibernia. Polish is the third most common language. Hay nueve condados en … The Ulster Hockey Union organises field hockey in the province and contributes substantially to the all-island hockey team.[48]. The 1859 Ulster Revival was a major Christian revival that spread throughout Ulster. Ulster is one of the four Irish provinces. This Proto-Celtic form became *Īweriū in Proto-Goidelic. Census of Ireland 2016: 296,120 out of 1,521,592 total. The Orange Order freely organises in counties Donegal, Cavan and Monaghan, with several Orange parades taking place throughout County Donegal each year. There was some uncertainty about whether the síneadh fada (acute accent) should be written on upper-case letters. At international level players from Ulster join with those from the other 3 provinces to form the Irish national team. Il toponimo “Ulster” è sovente, ancorché impropriamente, usato come sinonimo di “Irlanda del Nord”. oversees the sport in the Republic. Oral Answers. In the wake of the failure of this rebellion, and following the gradual abolition of official religious discrimination after the Act of Union in 1800, Presbyterians came to identify more with the State and with their Anglican neighbours, due to their civil rights now being respected by both the state and their Anglican neighbours. About 62% of the area of Ulster is in the UK while the remaining 38% is in the Republic of Ireland. Its rulers resisted English encroachment but were defeated in the Nine Years' War (1594–1603). One of the primary stipulations of the treaty was the transformation of Ireland into a self-governing British dominion called the Irish Free State (which later became the sovereign Republic of Ireland), but with the option of a continuation of the home rule institution of Northern Ireland, still within the United Kingdom, if the Northern Ireland Parliament (already in existence) chose to opt out of the Irish Free State. The main railway lines linking to and from Belfast Great Victoria Street and Belfast Central are: Only five Irish counties, all in Southern and Western Ulster, currently have no mainline railway. All land owned by Irish chieftains, the Ó Neills and Ó Donnells (along with those of their supporters), who fought against the English Crown in the Nine Years War, were confiscated and used to settle the colonists. Volcanic activity in eastern Ulster led to the formation of the Antrim Plateau and the Giant's Causeway, one of Ireland's three UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The most northerly point in Ireland, Malin Head, is in County Donegal, as are the sixth-highest (601 metres (1,972 ft)) sea cliffs in Europe, at Slieve League, and the province's largest island, Arranmore. Donegal Irish has many similarities to Scottish Gaelic. The Open Championship returned to Ulster, after 68 years, in 2019 at Royal Portrush Golf Club. Low-level violence, however, continued in Ulster, causing Michael Collins in the south to order a boycott of Northern products in protest at attacks on the Nationalist community there. The Williamites' victory in this war ensured British rule in Ireland for over 200 years. Among the High Kings of Ireland were Áed Findliath (died 879), Niall Glúndub (died 919), and Domnall ua Néill (died 980), all of the Cenél nEógain. The other sixth is called Northern Ireland, which is still … It is the second-largest (after Munster) and second-most populous (after Leinster) of Ireland's four provinces, with Belfast being its biggest city. Under the 1947 Convention Irish-registered aircraft have carried a registration mark starting "EI" for Éire. It would only once more become a province of Ireland in the mid-14th century after the collapse of the Norman Earldom of Ulster, when the O'Neills who had come to dominate the Northern Uí Néill stepped into the power vacuum and staked a claim for the first time the title of "king of Ulster" along with the Red Hand of Ulster symbol. Davern considered the spelling Eire to be worse than a misspelling, because eire is a separate word, meaning "a burden, load or encumbrance". Hay nueve condados en la provincia. The other overkingdoms in Ulster were Airgíalla and Ailech. [1] This suggests a descent from the Proto-Indo-European reconstruction *piHwerjon-, likely related to the adjectival stem *piHwer- (cf. The Church of Ireland (Irish: Eaglais na hÉireann Scots: Kirk o Airlann) is the national church. Hugh O'Doherty, a Sinn Féin politician, was elected mayor of Derry at this time. Ulster (irisch Cúige Uladh [ˈkuːgʲ ˈʊɫə] oder Ulaidh [ˈʊɫə]) ist neben Connacht, Leinster und Munster eine Region und frühere Provinz im Norden Irlands, deren Einwohner Ulter genannt wurden. has played in the League of Ireland since 1985 due to crowd trouble at some of their Irish League matches prior to this. [36], The official reason for the Plantation is said to have been to pay for the costly Nine Years' War,[37] but this view was not shared by all in the English government of the time, most notably the English Crown-appointed Attorney-General for Ireland in 1609, Sir John Davies:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, A barbarous country must be first broken by a war before it will be capable of good government; and when it is fully subdued and conquered, if it be not well planted and governed after the conquest, it will eftsoons return to the former barbarism. Its articles of faith are the The Irish Articles (1615) and Westminster Confession of Faith (1647). The Jacobites besieged Derry from December 1688 to July 1689, ending when a Williamite army from Britain relieved the city. In the First Dáil, which was elected in late 1918, Prof. Eoin Mac Néill served as the Sinn Féin T.D. The Williamites based in Enniskillen defeated another Jacobite army at the battle of Newtownbutler on 28 July 1689. Éire Nua, or "New Ireland", was a proposal supported by the Provisional IRA and Sinn Féin during the 1970s and early 1980s for a federal United Ireland.The proposal was particularly associated with the Dublin-based leadership group centred on Ruairí Ó Brádaigh and … This article is about the nine-county province of Ireland. This Rebellion was initially led by Sir Phelim O'Neill (Irish: Sir Féilim Ó Néill), and was intended to overthrow British rule rapidly, but quickly degenerated into attacks on colonists, in which dispossessed Irish slaughtered thousands of the colonists. [35] However, most of the counties, including the most heavily colonised Counties Antrim and Down, were privately colonised.

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